If you asked a group of smart drug users what their favorite nootropic is, there’s one answer that you’re gonna hear more than any other: modafinil. That’s because it’s highly effective, its benefits can be felt after one dose, there’s plenty of research to support its use, and it has a good safety profile. In other words, modafinil is one of the best nootropics available today.
The benefits of modafinil are well-known to leaders in a variety of industries. Doctors, lawyers, businessmen, computer programmers, writers, artists, politicians, and pilots are just some of the professionals that use modafinil to keep their minds sharp at all times. When you need to be on top of your game, whether it’s for your job or for other reasons, modafinil is one of the best ways to ensure that your brain is working at peak efficiency.
We’re gonna take a look at the benefits, side effects, dosage, and where to buy modafinil shortly. But first, let’s look at exactly what modafinil is.
What is Modafinil?
Modafinil is a drug that was first created in the 1970’s. It didn’t start to see widespread use until the late 1990’s and early 2000’s, when it was approved by the FDA (under the brand name Provigil) to treat narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, and sleep apnea. Since then, modafinil has become increasingly popular as a treatment for a variety of other disorders and as a powerful nootropic.
Classified as a eugeroic (wakefulness-promoting agent), modafinil has been shown to increase wakefulness, reduce fatigue, improve cognition and memory, reduce reaction time, and even improve mood and motivation. With such an impressive list of positive effects, it should come as no surprise that modafinil is as popular as it is. Users all over the world have been enjoying its cognition-enhancing benefits for over a decade now.
Modafinil is closely related to another popular nootropic that you may have heard of – adrafinil. The effects of both are very similar, but they do have some important differences. Adrafinil is a prodrug of modafinil. What this means is that adrafinil converts into modafinil once it’s ingested. Because of this, adrafinil takes longer for its effects to be felt and also requires a higher dosage. Most users that have tried both prefer modafinil because a lower dosage is required and the effects come on faster.
We’ve briefly mentioned the benefits of modafinil. Now, let’s take a closer look at some of these modafinil benefits and the science that supports them.
- Improved Cognitive Performance
- Improved Mood
- Increased Memory
- Reduced Fatigue
- Reduced Reaction Time
- Increased Alertness
- Increased Motivation
As you can see, modafinil has a number of impressive nootropic benefits. Let’s look at some of the research that supports the use of this wonderful nootropic.
Improved Cognitive Performance – This, in a nutshell, is the reason that most people first become interested in nootropics: To boost overall cognitive performance. For most nootropic users, modafinil does this better than anything else. And there’s plenty of science to show that it’s just as effective as its users claim.
In one study1, researchers gave either 200 mg of modafinil or a placebo to a group of healthy volunteers. They then tested the participants in a variety of ways. The group that was given the modafinil showed improvements in working memory, planning and decision making, and visual pattern recognition. This study also showed that participants in the modafinil group scored higher ratings in subjective task enjoyment. In other words, not only did the participants perform better on all the tasks, but they felt better while they were doing them.
Reduced Fatigue/Increased Alertness – Modafinil is known as a eugeroic, or wakefulness-promoting drug. It’s been a game-changer for people who suffer from narcolepsy and for shift workers, who often have to stay up all night long. Modafinil is able to reduce fatigue and increase alertness in sleep-deprived individuals.
In a study done on military personnel2, researchers gave the participants either modafinil, amphetamines, or a placebo. They were forced to stay up and perform mentally-demanding tasks for 64 hours straight. The study showed that participants in the modafinil and amphetamine groups had better reaction times, better mood, less sleepiness and fatigue, and better short-term memory and logical reasoning than the placebo group. It also showed that participants in the modafinil group had fewer side effects than the amphetamine group.
Improved Memory – Another important benefit that nootropic users seek is an improvement in memory. Modafinil has been consistently shown to improve several aspects of memory.
In a 2004 study3, healthy volunteers received either 200 mg of modafinil or a placebo. Then, they were then given memory tasks to complete. The results showed that the participants in the modafinil group had significantly reduced error rates on visio-spatial tasks and on numerical manipulation tasks.
Another study4 gave healthy participants either 100 mg of modafinil, 200 mg, or a placebo, then administered a number of memory and attention tests. The results showed that modafinil significantly enhanced performance on visual pattern recognition memory, tests of digital span, spatial planning, and stop-signal reaction time. In other words, modafinil improves several different aspects of memory.
As you can see, modafinil has a ton of nootropic benefits and there’s plenty of science to support its use. But, like anything, it can also have unwanted effects. Let’s look at the potential side effects of modafinil.
Modafinil Side Effects
Modafinil is generally well tolerated by most people. Most users find that the benefits outweigh any potential side effects. However, side effects can occur. Side effects may include headaches, insomnia, nausea, anxiety, dizziness, and upset stomach.5 These side effects usually go away on their own after discontinuing modafinil.
It is also possible that modafinil may interact with hormonal contraceptives.6 As with any drug, supplement, or dietary change, you should always talk to your doctor before starting or stopping anything new. This is especially true if you’re taking any prescription medications.
People that use modafinil for its nootropic benefits commonly find a dosage of anywhere from 100-400 mg a day to be effective. Most of the studies that have been done on modafinil used dosages within that range.
As always, you should start with a low dosage and work your way up as needed. For most people, 200 mg seems to be a good starting point. If you’re particularly small or usually sensitive to drugs like modafinil, a starting dosage of 100 mg may work better.
It’s also generally recommended that you take modafinil early in the day. Taking it later in the day may result in unwanted insomnia. If you’re taking modafinil to stay awake or to combat sleep deprivation, this obviously won’t be a problem.
Modafinil can be taken with or without food. Taking it on an empty stomach may help it to absorb better. This will make its effects come on sooner and stronger. For some people, taking it on an empty stomach may cause gastrointestinal discomfort. This can easily be remedied by taking modafinil with food, preferably a small meal.
Where To Buy Modafinil
Where to buy modafinil will vary depending on where you live. In some countries, it is only available with a prescription. In many countries, however, it can be legally purchased online without a prescription. Modafinil is sold under a number of different brand names, including Provigil, Modvigil, Modalert, and Alertec.
If you live in a country that modafinil can be shipped to, one of the absolute best places to order from is DuckDose. They are one of the largest online retailers of modafinil. Their products are of the highest quality, they have fast, discreet, and secure shipping, excellent customer service, very reasonable prices, and accept multiple payment options, including credit cards, debit cards, and Bitcoin. Highly recommended.
Now you can see why modafinil is such a popular nootropic – It’s highly effective, has few side effects, and is backed by plenty of science. Many users find that modafinil is all they need to get the results they want. Others like to stack it with different nootropics for increased effects. Whether taken on its own or stacked with other things, modafinil is one of the most powerful and popular nootropics available today.
Modafinil does an excellent job of improving cognitive performance and may slightly improve mood. Some users find that stacking it with nootropics that reduce anxiety and improve mood provides the greatest overall benefits to performance. If you’re interested in what might stack well with modafinil, check out the following:
And if you haven’t already, make sure to get The Ultimate Nootropics Quick Reference Guide. It lists all the basic info for 37 of the most popular nootropics used today. You can get The Ultimate Nootropics Quick Reference Guide for free when you sign up for the Nootropics Zone newsletter.
1Muller, U., Rowe, J.B., Rittman, T., Lewis, C., Robbins, T.W., & Sahakian, B.J. (2013). Effects of modafinil on non-verbal cognition, task enjoyment and creative thinking in healthy volunteers. Neuropharmacology. 64:490-5.
2Pigeau, R., Naitoh, P., Buquet, A., McCann, C., Baranski, J., Taylor, M., Thompson, M., & Mack, I. (1995). Modafinil, d-amphetamine and placebo during 64 hours of sustained mental work. Effects on mood, fatigue, cognitive performance and body temperature. J Sleep Res. 4(4):212-228.
3Muller, U., Steffenhagen, N., Regenthal, R., & Bublak, P. (2004). Effects of modafinil on working memory processes in humans. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 177(1-2):161-9.
4Turner, D.C., Robbins, T.W., Clark, L., Aron, A.R., Dowson, J., & Sahakian, B.J. (2003). Cognitive enhancing effects of modafinil in healthy volunteers. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 165(3):260-9.
6MedlinePlus Drug Information: Modafinil. (2005). Retrieved December 3, 2016 from https://web.archive.org/web/20070610045952/http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/medmaster/a602016.html